Cathode Subsystem Development and Optimisation

CATION
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2009
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP

The main objectives of this proposal is to evaluate different process alternatives and find optimal process and mechanical solutions for the cathode and stack subsystems with the aim of having commercially feasible and technologically optimised subsystem solutions ready for future ~ 250 kWe atmospheric SOFC systems. The aspects taken into account in the development are mainly electrical efficiency, controllability, reliability, mass production and costs effectiveness of developed subsystems and individual components.

 

This project is focused on the development of SOFC system’s air side fluid and thermal management and mechanical solutions, i.e. cathode subsystem and individual components. In large SOFC systems the cathode subsystem is typically the largest source of auxiliary losses and a major factor decreasing electrical efficiency of the system. The reason for this is that almost all components are based on existing products developed for some other purposes and are not optimized for certain SOFC systems. By making cathode side components from the SOFC system point of view, i.e. optimizing the overall system solutions, significant improvements in terms of costs, reliability, performance and lifetime will be achieved. A parallel optimization of the anode subsystem is carried out in the EU funded ASSENT project.

 

The project will further focus on the integration of SOFC stacks in large systems. If large SOFC systems would be realized by simple multiplication of smaller SOFC stacks, the cost of the so-called Balance of Stack components would be very large. The Balance of Stack components includes air- and gas manifolding, stack compression, thermal insulation, electrical insulation, wiring, lead-in’s and sealing. Based on state-of-the-art SOFC stacks this project will develop scalable, cost-efficient Balance of Stack solutions suitable for ~ 250 kW SOFC systems.

Project details
Project reference: 
256627
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2009.3.4 Component improvement for stationary applications
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Saturday, January 1, 2011
End date: 
Monday, June 30, 2014
Duration: 
36 months (originally), extended to 42 months
Project cost: 
€ 7,108,505.76
Project funding: 
€ 2,625,788.83
Coordinator: 

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland                                Finland

Contact: 
Dr Jari KIVIAHO
Contact email: 
Other participating organisations: 
(Wärtsilä Finland Oy) Finland
AVL List GmbH Austria
Topsoe Fuel Cells A/S Denmark
Bosal Research NV Belgium
Università degli studi di Genova                Italy
Patents and Publications
Patents: 
EP2719447A1, Yves De Vos; Freddy Wollants; Jean-Paul Hubert Janssens, "Combined heat exchanging and fluid mixing apparatus"
FI20115307, Wärtsilä Finland Oy, "A heating method and arrangement for enhanced heating of a high temperature fuel cell device"
Publications: 
C. Strazza, Applied Energy 31/12/2014, N/A, "LCA-LCC analysis of a 230 kW SOFC system for distributed generation applications"
Linkedin