Demonstration of Small 4-Wheel fuel cell passenger vehicle Applications in Regional and Municipal transport

SWARM
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2011
Application area: 
Transport and refuelling infrastructure
Logo: 

Objectives

This project will establish a large demonstration fleet of close to 100 small passenger vehicles also expanding existing hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. Three regions participate in this effort: the British Midlands, the Brussels area and Wallonia, and the Weser-Ems region in NorthWest Germany. Each of these regions will deploy a new hydrogen refuelling site to close the gaps in a continuous ‘hydrogen highway’ that leads from Scotland via the Midlands to London, Brussels, Cologne and Hamburg/Scandinavia/Berlin via Bremen.

Achievements to date

Project started recently and is currently performing the planning and preparatory phase.

Impact

The project endeavours to offer lighter, more fuel efficient vehicle solutions for city and regional transport at lower cost than generally envisaged in the first commercialisation phase from 2015 which many OEM’s are targeting. The exposure of a high number of users (min. 90) to fuel cell technology and hydrogen refuelling will offer a broad basis for bringing the technology to the real world and on the other hand gather hands-on experience with public acceptance. The new hydrogen filling stations will add crucial infrastructure in relevant locations, namely the Brussels and Bremen sites.

Overview

The vehicles employed are low-cost, high fuel-efficiency, hybrid, light-weight passenger cars specifically designed for city and regional transport. These vehicles provide a complementary pathway to commercialisation to the large OEM, by allowing near-term rollout on a commercial basis to a wide range of users – in parallel with the planned rollouts for OEM vehicles from 2015. The regions where these vehicles will be deployed will receive the infrastructure, public exposure and technological understanding to act as seed locations for future larger scale vehicle rollout.

In view of the lower vehicle costs, this project will deploy an unprecedented number of road vehicles for a demonstration project, with three SME’s contributing 30, 10 and 50 vehicles respectively to the project. These will be put in the hands of real users in a variety of real-life operating environments. An extensive data monitoring exercise will run throughout the 3 year demonstration phase, allowing the reliability of the vehicles driven by different users to be evaluated, leading to direct improvements of future, fully commercial vehicle designs.

The three regions will deploy several hydrogen refuelling stations, adding a total of 3 new stations to the existing supply sites, creating some of the first regional hydrogen refuelling clusters in Europe. Each region will, as a consequence of a high-standard filling station with high capacity (200 kg/day) and high performance (70 MPa) refuelling technology, supported by existing smaller stations of lower capacity and pressure (depending on region).

The project will be a near-commercial stepping stone and will include a reach-out activity timed to coincide with OEM’s commercialisation plans in the 2013-2015 period, to attract further vehicles to the extensive regional refuelling infrastructure clusters - by offering cost effective and readily available focal points for additional hydrogen fleets developing around these regions. Therefore we are supplementing the SWARM fleet and infrastructure by more vehicles and hydrogen filling stations supplied through other projects and separate funding.

Project details
Project reference: 
303485
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.1.1 Large-scale demonstration of road vehicles and refuelling infrastructure IV
Project type: 
Demonstration
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Monday, October 1, 2012
End date: 
Sunday, December 31, 2017
Duration: 
48 months (originally), extended to 63 months
Project cost: 
€ 15,660,429.64
Project funding: 
€ 6,822,808
Coordinator: 

ELEMENT ENERGY LIMITED, UK

Contact: 
Ben Madden
Other participating organisations: 
Riversimple UK
H2O e-mobile GmbH DE
GESPA GMBH DE
AIR LIQUIDE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES SA FR
University of Birmingham UK
University of Coventry UK
BIRMINGHAM CITY COUNCIL UK
Université Libre de Bruxelles BE
Université de Liège BE
Jade-Hochschule Wilhelmshaven-Oldenburg DE
Next Energy DE
Universität Bremen DE
TÜV Süd DE
Wallonian Regional Government BE
PLANET PLANUNGSGRUPPE ENERGIE UND TECHNIK GBR DE
Deutsche Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH DE
TUV SUD AG DE

 

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