Development of PEM Fuel Cell Stack Reference Test Procedures for Industry
- To establish consistent, industry-wide test methods for PEFC-stacks.
- To facilitate the interaction between stack developers, system integrators and end-users.
- To define a harmonized catalogue of interface / acceptance criteria between stack manufacturers and system integrators.
- To liaise with international standard development organizations to contribute to relevant working groups and technical committees, including proposals for new work items where relevant.
Achievements to date
- Test matrices for application oriented testing of PEFC-stacks have been drafted, identifying relevant tests to be carried out addressing performance, endurance and safety outputs.
- Stack testing aspects in several international standards have been reviewed and summarized and work to define an initial set of harmonized test procedures is still in progress.
- Specifications of stack samples to be tested have been exchanged among the partners.
- The formation of an industrial advisory board is in progress.
- Industrial partners will benefit from commonly accepted, experimentally validated generic test modules and application-specific test programs by consistent and comparable test data which will allow for technical and commercial decisions on better grounds.
- Research organizations will benefit from the harmonized test procedures defined in this project by improved quality and transferability of test data reported in the scientific literature. Harmonized test procedures will also assist in the extraction of parameters from test results for advanced performance modeling and degradation modeling to support improved lifetime prediction.
- The harmonized reporting format will allow an assessment of data quality to be used for further scientific analysis.
In this project, industry-wide harmonized test procedures for PEFC stacks shall be developed and validated. The proposal builds on experiences gained in the FCTESTNET, FCTESQA series of projects taking up the methodology developed there and expanding it to the test of PEFC stacks. Furthermore, the experiences of individual consortium members have long time experience in international standardization. Performance / functional, durability and safety outputs for vehicle propulsion, stationary and portable applications shall be addressed.
Generic test modules addressing the effects of outputs to the variation of a single test parameter shall be defined and experimentally validated on a stack level. From these building blocks, selected application oriented test programs shall be derived and validated as well. A two phase approach is pursued, starting with an initial selection and definition phase followed by experimental validation. Subsequently, a review is carried out followed by a second validation phase.
The consortium mainly consists of experienced research organizations, all working in close contact with and providing testing services to the industry. The test modules and test programs are expected to be methodologically sound and independent. Contact to industrial practice will be established by the implementation of an industrial advisory group consisting of selected key stakeholders along the value chain of the fuel cell industry. The consortium will liaise with international standardization activities and contribute to the improvement of existing standards by pre-normative research and – if deemed necessary – will initiate new work item proposals on performance and endurance testing of PEFC stacks.