Sulphur, Carbon, and re-Oxidation Tolerant Anodes and Anode Supports for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Project Information
Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP

The project will demonstrate a new full ceramic SOFC cell with superior robustness as regards to sulphur tolerance, carbon deposition (coking) and re-oxidation (redox resistance). Such a cell mitigates three major failure mechanisms which today have to be addressed at the system level. Having a more robust cell will thus enable the system to be simplified, something of particular importance for small systems, e.g. for combined heat and power (CHP). The new ceramic based cell will be produced by integrating a new, very promising class of materials, namely strontium titanates, into existing, proven SOFC cell designs. Cost effective and up-scalable processes will be developed for the fabrication of supports and cells. In an iterative process the cell performance at defined tolerance levels will subsequently be improved by adjustments of the fabrication on full cell level according to identified failure mechanisms. Cells with matching performance but improved sulphur, coking, and re-oxidation tolerance compared to state-of-the-art Ni-cermet materials will finally be demonstrated in a real system environment.


Project details
Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2009.3.2 Materials development for cells, stacks and balance of plant (BoP)
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Friday, October 1, 2010
End date: 
Tuesday, December 31, 2013
36 months (originally), extended to 39 months
Project cost: 
€ 4,340,487
Project funding: 
€ 1,701,770

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Denmark

Contact email: 
Other participating organisations: 
Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH Germany
Hexis AG Switzerland
Topsoe Fuel cell A/S Denmark
University of St Andrews United Kingdom
Patents and Publications
EP No. 14158353.4 - 1360, T. Ramos, B. R. Sudireddy, K. Agersted, P. Holtappels, "Structurally reinforced ceramic supports"
P. Holtappels , J. T. S. Irvine , B. Iwanschitz , L. T. Kuhn , L. Lu , Q. Ma , J. Malzbender , A. Mai , T. Ramos , J. Rass-Hansen , B. R. Sudireddy ,, ECS Transactions 06/10/2013, 1175-1184, "Full Ceramic Fuel Cells Based on Strontium Titanate Anodes, an Approach towards More Robust SOFCs"
Viacheslav Vasechko, Bingxin Huang, Qianli Ma, Frank Tietz, Jürgen Malzbender, Journal of the European Ceramic Society 28/05/2014, online corrected proof, "Thermomechanical properties of Y-substituted SrTiO3 used as re-oxidation stable anode substrate material"
Viacheslav Vasechko, Mirko Ziegner, Jürgen Malzbender, Ceramics International 30/09/2014, 137179 - 13189, "Influence of phase transformations on mechanical properties of novel ceramics for solid oxide fuel cell anode applications"
T. Ramos , S. Veltze , B. R. Sudireddy , P. Holtappels, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 01/01/2014, F5-F6, "Impedance and Stability of M/CGO (M: Ni, Pd, Ru) Co-infiltrated Nb-doped SrTiO3 SOFC Anodes"
T. Ramos, S. Veltzé, B. R. Sudireddy, P. S. Jørgensen, L. T. Kuhn, P. Holtappels, 2014, Fuel Cells 31/12/2014, n.a., "Effect of Ru/CGO versus Ni/CGO Co-infiltration on the Performance and Stability of STN-based SOFCs"
Q. Ma, B. Iwanschitz, E. Dashjav, A. Mai, F. Tietz, H.-P. Buchkremer, Solid State Ionics 31/12/2014, n.a., "Electrochemical performance and stability of electrolyte-supported solid oxide fuel cells based on Y-substituted SrTiO3 ceramic anodes"
Wei Zhang , Luise Theil Kuhn , Peter Stanley Jørgensen , Bhaskar Reddy Sudireddy , Janet Jonna Bentzen , Carlos Bernuy-Lopez , Sune Veltzé , Tânia, Journal of Power Sources 01/07/2014, 297-304, "Instability and growth of nanoscale Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/NiO infiltrate in Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3–Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 anodes for solid oxide fuel cells"
S. Veltze , B. R. Sudireddy , P. S. Jorgensen , W. Zhang , L. T. Kuhn , P. Holtappels , T. Ramos, ECS Transactions 06/10/2013, 743-752, "Performance of Electrolyte Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with STN Anodes"
W. Zhang , L. Theil Kuhn , P.S. Jørgensen , K. Thydén , J.J. Bentzen , E. Abdellahi , B.R. Sudireddy , M. Chen , J.R. Bowen, Microscopy and Microanalysis 01/04/2013, 501-505, "Transmission Electron Microscopy Specimen Preparation Method for Multiphase Porous Functional Ceramics"
Lanying Lu, Maarten C. Verbraeken, Mark Cassidy and John T. S. Irvine, ECS Transactions 06/10/2013, 1415 - 1422, "A solid oxide fuel cell with lanthanum and calcium co-doped strontium titanate as support"
B.X. Huang, V. Vasechko, Q.L. Ma, J. Malzbender, Journal of Power Sources 01/08/2012, 204 - 209, "Thermo-mechanical properties of (Sr,Y)TiO3 as anode material for solid oxide fuel cells"
M. C. Verbraeken , B. Iwanschitz , A. Mai , J. T. S. Irvine, Journal of the Electrochemical Society 01/01/2012, F757-F762, "Evaluation of Ca Doped La0.2Sr0.7TiO3 as an Alternative Material for Use in SOFC Anodes"
T. Ramos, C. Bernuy-Lopez, B.R. Sudireddy, J.J. Bentzen, W. Zhang, P.S. Jørgensen,L. Theil Kuhn, ECS Transactions 31/12/2012, 389 - 402, "Performance-Microstructure Relations in Ni/CGO Infiltrated Nb-doped SrTiO3 SOFC Anodes"
Qianli Ma, Frank Tietz, Solid State Ionics 31/12/2012, 108 - 112, "Comparison of Y and La-substituted SrTiO3 as the anode materials for SOFCs"