System Automation of PEMFCs with Prognostics and Health management for Improved Reliability and Economy

SAPPHIRE
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2012
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP
Logo: 

The SAPPHIRE project will develop an integrated prognostics and health management system (PHM) including a health-adaptive controller to extend the lifetime and increase the reliability of heat and power-producing systems based on low-temperature proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (LT-PEMFC).

The PHM system can actively track the current health and degradation state of the fuel-cell system, and through the health-adaptive control counteract the degradation of cells and balance of plant, and thereby boost the lifetime of the controlled system beyond the current lifetime expectancy. An important part of project is to develop novel prognostics approaches implemented in the PHM for estimation of the remaining useful life (RUL) of the PEMFC.

An efficient sensor configuration for control will be chosen using controllability analysis methods, also including indirect sensing/estimation techniques to replace expensive measurement principles. Based on sensor inputs and input from the control system, the PHM algorithms identify the probable failure modes trajectories and estimate the remaining useful life. The consortium’s competence ranges from first principles estimation, to signal processing, regression and data-driven techniques, such as neural

networks. This ensures an efficient choice of methods.

The project covers a full cycle of research activities, from requirement specification and laboratory experiments, through study of degradation phenomena and selection of prognostic methods, to synthesis of the control system and its testing on the target PEMFC system. A technical-economical analysis will be performed in order to assess the impact of the developed tool in terms of lifetime improvement.

The project is expected to produce hardware and software solutions and have a significant scientific output. The implemented solutions resulting from the project will be tested and validated by the research and industrial partners.

Project details
Project reference: 
325275
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.3.3: Robust, reliable and cost effective diagnostic and control systems design for stationary power and CHP fuel cell systems
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Wednesday, May 1, 2013
End date: 
Saturday, April 30, 2016
Duration: 
36 months
Project cost: 
€ 3,269,417.10
Project funding: 
€ 1,745,140.60
Coordinator: 

STIFTELSEN SINTEF, Norway

Contact: 
Dr. Zenith Federico
Other participating organisations: 
EIFER EUROPAISCHES INSTITUT FUR ENERGIEFORSCHUNG EDF-KIT EWIV Germany
ECOLE NATIONALE SUPERIEURE DE MECANIQUE ET DES MICROTECHNIQUES France
University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture Croatia
ZENTRUM FUER SONNENENERGIE- UND WASSERSTOFF-FORSCHUNG, BADEN-WUERTEMBERG Germany
DANTHERM POWER A.S Denmark
Patents and Publications
Patents: 
WO2016059203; Federico Zenith Johannes TJØNNÅS Ivar J HALVORSEN Angelo ESPOSITO Rafael GOURIVEAU Elodie LECHARTIER Frano Barbir Dario BEZMALINOVIC Merle KLAGES Joachim Scholta Alan Menard Thomas Pedersen Marie-Cécile PERA Daniel Hissel Christoph KÄNDLER Philippe Mocoteguy; Control of an electrochemical device with integrated diagnostics, prognostics and lifetime management
Publications: 
Dario Bezmalinovic , Boris Simic , Frano Barbir; Characterization of PEM fuel cell degradation by polarization change curves
Elodie Lechartier , Elie Laffly , Marie-Cécile Péra , Rafael Gouriveau , Daniel Hissel , Noureddine Zerhouni; Proton exchange membrane fuel cell behavioral model suitable for prognostics
Federico Zenith; Reducing Fuel Cell Degradation in Micro Combined Heat and Power Systems
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