Systematic, Material-oriented Approach using Rational design to develop break-Through Catalysts for commercial automotive PEMFC stacks

SMARTCAT
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2012
Application area: 
Transport and refuelling infrastructure
Logo: 

The present consortium will build a new concept of electrodes based on new catalyst design (ternary alloyed/core shell clusters) deposited on a new high temperature operation efficient support. In order to enhance the fundamental understanding and determine the optimal composition and geometry of the clusters, advanced computational techniques will be used in direct combination with electrochemical analysis of the prepared catalysts. The use of deposition by plasma sputtering on alternative non-carbon support materials will ensure the reproducible properties of the catalytic layers. Plasma technology is now a well established, robust, clean, and economical process for thin film technologies. Well-defined chemical synthesis methods will also be used prior for quickly defining the best catalytists.MEA preparation and testing, MEA automated fabrication in view of automotive operation will complete the new concepts of catalysts with a considerably lowered Pt content (below 0.01 mgcm-2 and less up to 0.001 mgcm-2) and supports for delivering a competitive and industrially scalable new design of PEMFC suitable for automotive applications.

SMARTCat will thus address the following objectives:

- Deliver specifications/requirements for reaching the technical goals as a roadmap.

- Design an efficient new catalyst architecture

- Establish a support selection criteria based on physico-chemical characterization and modelling for defining the most suited electrode support to the defined catalytic system

- Assess the robustness regarding operation conditions and fuel cell efficiency

- Enable to automate the MEA production using state of the art (< 100°C) and high temperature membranes (120°C)

- Build efficient short-stack required for competitive automotive fuel cell operation

- Low cost process and low Pt content will dramatically reduce the fuel cell cost, and which will lead to economically suitable fuel cells for automotive application

Project details
Project reference: 
325327
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.1.5 New catalyst structures and concepts for automotive PEMFCs
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Saturday, June 1, 2013
End date: 
Wednesday, May 31, 2017
Duration: 
48 months
Project cost: 
€ 4,768,172.60
Project funding: 
€ 2,501,998
Coordinator: 

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, France

Contact: 
Mr. Pascal Brault
Other participating organisations: 
STIFTELSEN SINTEF Norway
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET Denmark
COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES France
BASIC MEMBRANES BV Netherlands
MXPOLYMERS BV  Netherlands
Patents and Publications
Publications: 
Vladimir Tripkovic , Heine Anton Hansen , Jan Rossmeisl , Tejs Vegge Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Vol. 17/Issue 17 First principles investigation of the activity of thin film Pt, Pd and Au surface alloys for oxygen reduction
Steen Lysgaard , Jón S. G. Mýrdal , Heine A. Hansen , Tejs Vegge Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Vol. 17/Issue 42 A DFT-based genetic algorithm search for AuCu nanoalloy electrocatalysts for CO 2 reduction
Lu Xie , Pascal Brault , Christophe Coutanceau , Jean-Marc Bauchire , Amael Caillard , Steve Baranton , Johannes Berndt , Erik C. Neyts Applied Catalysis B: Environmental Vol. 162 Efficient amorphous platinum catalyst cluster growth on porous carbon: A combined molecular dynamics and experimental study
Styven Lankiang , Morio Chiwata , Stève Baranton , Hiroyuki Uchida , Christophe Coutanceau Electrochimica Acta Vol. 182 Oxygen reduction reaction at binary and ternary nanocatalysts based on Pt, Pd and Au
Pascal Brault , Erik C. Neyts Catalysis Today Vol. 256 Molecular dynamics simulations of supported metal nanocatalyst formation by plasma sputtering
Qiang Fu , Luis César Colmenares Rausseo , Umberto Martinez , Paul Inge Dahl , Juan Maria García Lastra , Per Erik Vullum , Ingeborg-Helene Svenum , Tejs Vegge ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces Vol. 7/Issue 50 Effect of Sb Segregation on Conductance and Catalytic Activity at Pt/Sb-Doped SnO 2 Interface: A Synergetic Computational and Experimental Study
Pascal Brault Plasma Processes and Polymers Vol. 13/Issue 1 Review of Low Pressure Plasma Processing of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts
P. Brault , C. Coutanceau , P.C. Jennings , T. Vegge , J. Berndt , A. Caillard , S. Baranton , S. Lankiang International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41 Molecular dynamics simulations of ternary PtxPdyAuz fuel cell nanocatalyst growth
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